ortodontija

Orthodontics is a speciality discipline of dentistry that focuses on the correction of improper alignment of the teeth and jaws using both removable and non-removable appliances.
Orthodontic treatment can be carried out at practically any age, the key is the patient’s desire to improve the aesthetics of his/her smile and readiness to devote a relatively long time, as orthodontic treatment such as fixed braces treatment takes on average one and a half to two years.
Kids should be evaluated for orthodontics by the age of 5 to 6 at the time when deciduous teeth start to change to permanent teeth. During the consultation the orthodontist will examine the child’s teeth and occlusion (the contact between teeth, bite) according to age, as well as assess the position of lips and tongue and breathing pattern, as they are factors due to which malfunction wrong dental occlusion can form. If necessary the orthodontist will perform a dental x-ray to assess the position and development of permanent teeth in the bone.
Orthodontic treatment is most commonly started in adolescence, but nowadays due to increasing aesthetic requirements more adults are turning to the orthodontist. At the moment orthodontics can offer treatment with a variety of aesthetically attractive methods, such as ceramic and lingual braces or the Invisalign system.
Orthodontic treatment can result in a beautiful smile, functionally sound bite as well as in the long term improve the health of dental supporting tissues. However, keep in mind that dental adjustment also has its limitations and risks, because the human body’s response, although widely studied, is sometimes impossible to predict.

TREATMENT OPTIONS

Nowadays braces are the most commonly applied method of treatment in orthodontics. Braces can provide controlled movement of all teeth or move individual teeth or groups of teeth; they are glued to the tooth surface without damaging the tooth itself. Then an archwire is inserted into orthodontic brackets that interact with them, hence straightening the teeth.

Metallic braces.
Traditional metal braces are the most common type of braces. They are made of high-quality nickel, titanium and other metal alloy and effectively adjust the teeth. Young people usually choose this type of braces because the archwire is fixed with special flexible rubber. Each time when coming to tighten the braces the patient can choose a different rubber colour, therefore the teeth alignment process becomes more interesting and attractive to young people.

Aesthetic braces.
They are made of ceramic or synthetic sapphire. They are white or almost transparent, and when also using the white archwire teeth alignment process they become almost invisible.

Self-ligating braces.
A relatively new type of braces. The archwire is held by a special mechanism that requires no fixation with flexible rubber. This in turn provides less friction and less frequent visits.

Lingual braces.
This type of braces is nearly invisible to others, because the braces are fixed onto the inside of the tooth from the lingual side.

There are two kinds of lingual braces:

  • Standard lingual braces – braces for relatively simple orthodontic cases; not suitable for all patients due to teeth adjustment limitations.Individually made IncognitoTM braces – these gold alloy braces are made in a laboratory in Germany for each patient individually. The braces are produced in about four weeks after sending the impressions to the laboratory and are sent back to the clinic. Consequently, these braces are expensive, as well as during the first days increased tongue discomfort and difficulties to pronounce some letters may be present. These braces, unlike standard lingual braces, can also be used for more complex cases.

Treatment costs can be found here.

Invisalign dental correction system

  • Invisalign® can treat a variety of orthodontic problems such as improperly positioned teeth, small overcrowding of teeth or gaps between teeth. Treatment with Invisalign® is visually quiet and does not affect your normal life because Invisalign® aligner is transparent, removable, and comfortable. However, only an orthodontist or dentist who has obtained a certificate of proficiency in Invisalign® can assess whether treatment with Invisalign® is right for you.
  • Treatment with Invisalign® is based on a removable, transparent series of aligners. One aligner should be worn for about two weeks and then the next aligner must be inserted. The number of aligners is set for each patient individually, taking into account the problem of occlusion and treatment plan. Treatment with Invisalign® lasts on average ten to eighteen months.
  • Prior to treatment with Invisalign® a treatment plan will be drawn up, taking into account the problem of occlusion and your desires. Then your teeth imprints together with the prepared treatment plan will be sent to Align Technology, where in about a month your treatment aligners will be made.
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