Dental caries, inflammation of gums or gingivitis and inflammation of tissue that surrounds the tooth or periodontitis are infectious diseases that are primarily caused by microbes living in the dental plaque and soft dental deposits.
Dental deposits are cultures of different micro-organisms that are present on the teeth.
Dental deposits cannot be removed with saliva or water. It can only be done mechanically, to some extent - naturally, by eating, or by using a toothbrush and dental floss, as well as high-pressure oral irrigators. Toothpaste and mouthwash help get rid of the bacteria that develop dental deposits.
Meanwhile plaque is already a consolidated (mineralised) soft deposit material together with hard deposits, which consists of micro-organisms, dead tissue, mineral substances that are present in saliva and food residues. Dental plaque contains excessively high quantities of various disease-causing micro-organisms, which cannot be completely eliminated by daily means of dental hygiene.
Dental plaque is categorised into supragingival and subgingival plaque, with subgingival plaque being the most harmful. It can only be cleaned during a professional dental hygiene procedure.
In most cases, subgingival plaque can neither be seen, nor felt with the tongue. It develops irrespective of the quality of daily oral cavity hygiene measures and the development thereof is mainly pre-determined by the specific nature of the composition of gingival fluids, history of diseases and medications used.
Subgingival plaque is one of the main causes of periodontitis. This disease cannot be treated, but its development can be successively limited, if you visit a periodontologist regularly. If this disease is not treated, you are at high risk of losing your teeth.
Therefore, if your soft and solid dental deposits, as well as dental plaque is not regularly cleaned:
- It causes inflammation of the gums, which manifests as red, swollen and bleeding gums;
- It causes dental caries, especially on interdental surfaces, if they are not regularly cleaned with dental floss, as well as in the area next to the gums, if, in an attempt to spare bleeding gums, the brushing of teeth becomes very superficial on the biting surfaces of the teeth, where natural grooves and holes occur;
- It causes periodontitis - inflammation of the bone tissue and deeper soft tissue around the tooth, as a result of which gingival pockets develop and mobility of teeth develops;
- It causes a bad odour from the mouth;
- It acts as a reservoir for micro-organisms and, upon constant irritation and weakening of the immunity of the mouth, can cause diseases of the oral mucosa, most commonly, chronic candidiasis. The micro-organisms may enter circulation through the inflamed gingival tissue and, if the immunity is not sufficiently stable to fight them, enter internal organs and blood vessel walls, and, potentially cause diseases.
Professional dental hygiene procedure performed at least once per year, in combination with sufficient daily oral hygiene, significantly reduces the aforementioned risks of infection!