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Dental Hygiene

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+371 67 339 300

The oral cavity hygiene procedure, which is performed by specially trained specialists in the area, is one of the basic pre-conditions for the preservation of the health of your teeth and oral cavity. Only certified dental hygienists will take care of professional hygiene of your oral cavity at our clinic. Our dental hygienist will additionally perform a superficial examination of your oral cavity and provide recommendations on the required therapy.

Professional dental hygiene is a must, because the removal of plaque and soft deposits is impossible by cleaning the teeth in home setting, and the bacteria living in these deposits may cause deterioration of the teeth, gingival inflammation, periodontitis and bad breath. Dental hygienist will use ultrasound tools, polishing brushes, special manual tools, soda jet and other means to clean the accumulated plaque, thus eliminating the environment, where the proliferation of harmful bacteria occurs.

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Inese Celmiņa
Inga Kristberga
Marita Poļakova
Viktorija Tokareva



Dental caries, inflammation of gums or gingivitis and inflammation of tissue that surrounds the tooth or periodontitis are infectious diseases that are primarily caused by microbes living in the dental plaque and soft dental deposits.

Dental deposits are cultures of different micro-organisms that are present on the teeth.

Dental deposits cannot be removed with saliva or water. It can only be done mechanically, to some extent - naturally, by eating, or by using a toothbrush and dental floss, as well as high-pressure oral irrigators. Toothpaste and mouthwash help get rid of the bacteria that develop dental deposits.

Meanwhile plaque is already a consolidated (mineralised) soft deposit material together with hard deposits, which consists of micro-organisms, dead tissue, mineral substances that are present in saliva and food residues. Dental plaque contains excessively high quantities of various disease-causing micro-organisms, which cannot be completely eliminated by daily means of dental hygiene.

Dental plaque is categorised into supragingival and subgingival plaque, with subgingival plaque being the most harmful. It can only be cleaned during a professional dental hygiene procedure.

In most cases, subgingival plaque can neither be seen, nor felt with the tongue. It develops irrespective of the quality of daily oral cavity hygiene measures and the development thereof is mainly pre-determined by the specific nature of the composition of gingival fluids, history of diseases and medications used.

Subgingival plaque is one of the main causes of periodontitis. This disease cannot be treated, but its development can be successively limited, if you visit a periodontologist regularly. If this disease is not treated, you are at high risk of losing your teeth.

Therefore, if your soft and solid dental deposits, as well as dental plaque is not regularly cleaned:

  • It causes inflammation of the gums, which manifests as red, swollen and bleeding gums;
  • It causes dental caries, especially on interdental surfaces, if they are not regularly cleaned with dental floss, as well as in the area next to the gums, if, in an attempt to spare bleeding gums, the brushing of teeth becomes very superficial on the biting surfaces of the teeth, where natural grooves and holes occur;
  • It causes periodontitis - inflammation of the bone tissue and deeper soft tissue around the tooth, as a result of which gingival pockets develop and mobility of teeth develops;
  • It causes a bad odour from the mouth;
  • It acts as a reservoir for micro-organisms and, upon constant irritation and weakening of the immunity of the mouth, can cause diseases of the oral mucosa, most commonly, chronic candidiasis. The micro-organisms may enter circulation through the inflamed gingival tissue and, if the immunity is not sufficiently stable to fight them, enter internal organs and blood vessel walls, and, potentially cause diseases.

Professional dental hygiene procedure performed at least once per year, in combination with sufficient daily oral hygiene, significantly reduces the aforementioned risks of infection!


Dental hygiene procedure starts out as a check-up of your oral cavity, which serves to evaluate the overall health condition of the oral cavity. If required, a consultation with a dentist is recommended after a dental hygiene procedure.

After the check-up, you will be questioned about your food and drink habits, smoking, use of medication, regularity and of dental care and means used for dental care.

Considering the collected information, the hygienist, within the limits of their competence, will provide you with instructions for action, which are required to improve the condition of the oral cavity.

The hygienist will use a jaw model and a disposable toothbrush to explain the correct dental care technique visually and practically, as well as give you an opportunity to try it yourself.

If your consent is received, the hygienist, will use a special colourant to mark the current dental plaque and deposits and will allow you to remove the marked plaque by using the correct cleaning technique. Thus, you will receive a visual and practical demonstration of how a correct technique of cleaning affects the health condition of the teeth and oral cavity.

After the performance of the aforementioned actions, if they have been necessary, the hygienist will commence the hygiene procedure of your oral cavity.

An ultrasound device will be used to remove dental plaque and soft deposits.

A manual tool will be used to remove the residual and subgingival plaque and soft deposits.

The soda jet will be used to clean the residual plaque and pigment that has stained the teeth.

The teeth will be “polished” with a special polishing brush and toothpaste, thus cleaning the residual pigment that is staining the teeth.

Dental floss will be used to additionally clean interdental spaces.

After the procedure, fluorine containing agents may be applied on your teeth, which will strengthen the enamel. If the teeth have become sensitive during the hygiene procedure, and you wish to reduce sensitivity, a special substance called hydroxyapatite may be applied on your teeth.

In the conclusion of the procedure, the oral cavity will be rinsed with special agents and your face will be cleaned with a flavoured and warm wet wipe, which has been prepared in a special device, which will provide you with a relieving and relaxing feeling after the performed procedure.


The child should start visiting a dental hygienist at the age of two and a half or three, i.e., - at the time, when the complete occlusion of deciduous teeth has developed.

Before that age, the condition of teeth in children should be monitored by a paediatric dentist and tooth care should be performed by parents. For more information on paediatric dental care click here.

The specialists of our clinic recommend to take children to the dental hygiene procedures of their parents from an early age. Thus, a child will get used to the clinical environment and learn from your life experiences that this is a commonplace procedure and should not be feared.

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